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DAK Medal - The Italo-German medal for the African campaign

 
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don_kihotis7
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PostPosted: Thu 24 Dec - 17:59 (2015)    Post subject: DAK Medal - The Italo-German medal for the African campaign Reply with quote

Or in German: Italienisch - Deutscher Erinnerungsmedaille an den Afrika-Feldzug.

This is a very nice medal and affordable in comparison with other tropical militaria. We don't have an award section so i thought to post it here.

The medal was worn on a tunic and the ribbon is nicely worn and faded. Unfortunately the safety pin got lost at some point.

These medals were produced by the Italian maker Lorioli Milano and was designed by De Marchis. Both names are marked on the obverse of the medal. 

On the reverse the Marble Arch is depicted. The Arch is also known in Italian as Arco Dei Fileni and in Arabian El Gaus. 























Last edited by don_kihotis7 on Tue 12 Jan - 12:28 (2016); edited 3 times in total
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PostPosted: Thu 24 Dec - 17:59 (2015)    Post subject: Publicité

PublicitéSupprimer les publicités ?
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don_kihotis7
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PostPosted: Thu 24 Dec - 18:13 (2015)    Post subject: DAK Medal - The Italo-German medal for the African campaign Reply with quote

Maker's and designer's mark.











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don_kihotis7
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PostPosted: Mon 28 Dec - 11:08 (2015)    Post subject: DAK Medal - The Italo-German medal for the African campaign Reply with quote

Here is a picture to show how the medal was worn on a tunic.






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don_kihotis7
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PostPosted: Mon 28 Dec - 11:11 (2015)    Post subject: DAK Medal - The Italo-German medal for the African campaign Reply with quote

                                                                                                                                    Marble Arch

The Marble Arch, also Arch of the Philaeni (Italian: Arco dei Fileni), formerly known in Libya as El Gaus (i.e. "The Arch"), was a monument in Libya built during the days of Italian colonization. The arch marked the border between Tripolitania and Cyrenaica, and was located on the actual Libyan Coastal Highway (at that time Via Balbia) near Ra's Lanuf.[1] It was designed by architect Florestano Di Fausto in response to a request by the ItalianGovernor-General Italo Balbo. It was unveiled on 16 March 1937 in a lavish night ceremony attended by Benito Mussolini.

The arch, which was 31 meters high, with an opening 15.75 meters high (51 ft 8 inch) and 6.5 meters wide (21 ft 4 inch), and made with travertine stone (Rome`s typical building material), was located some 30 km (19 mi) west of the possible borders between Carthage and Cyrene, the locality called in Antiquity Altars of the Philaeni (Latin: Arae Philaenorum) which was located approximately halfway between Ra's Lanuf and El Agheila.[1]
The landmark was named after the legendary Philaeni brothers of Carthage, who chose to be buried alive on that spot in order to gain this border for their home town. It bore two giant bronze statues of the brothers, represented as buried alive, surmounted by a stylised altar, mocking one of the disappeared Arae. The landmark was decorated by basreliefs which illustrated the legend.

On the arch's frontispiece was carved a Latin inscription taken from Horace's Carmen Saeculare. It read,
Alme Sol, possis nihil urbe Roma visere maius which translates to: "Oh kind Sun, may you never look upon a city greater than Rome.
King Idris I of Libya had the Latin inscription translated into Arabic. The arch was reproduced in postcards and Italian Africa lottery tickets and soon became one of the symbols of Italian Libya and of the works done by theItalian Libyan colonists. The arch was demolished by dynamite in 1973 by the revolutionary leader Muammar Gaddafi, who considered the landmark as a sign of the Italian domination of Libya. [2] Another possible reason for this demolition is that the arch was a symbol of separation between two parts of Libya, Tripolitania and Cyrenaica. The two bronze statues of the Philaeni brothers and parts of the marble reliefs are now located in a small museum in Medinat Sultan, around 50 kilometres (31 mi) from Sirte.

                                                                                                                             Cyrene and Carthage 

No records of any confrontations between the two powers are available, but a legend describes how the powers agreed on a border in Libya.
Two pairs of champions set out for Carthage and Cyrene on the same day, each pair running towards the other city. When the runners met, the Carthaginian pair had covered more ground. Accused of cheating by the Greeks, they consented to be buried alive on the meeting spot, so that the territory between that spot and Carthage would become part of the Carthaginian domain. The Carthaginian champions were brothers, called Philaeni, and the border was marked by two pillars called the "Altars of the Philaeni". The African territorial boundary between the Western and Eastern Roman Empires was later set on this spot.[17]

Source WikiPedia


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don_kihotis7
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PostPosted: Mon 28 Dec - 11:12 (2015)    Post subject: DAK Medal - The Italo-German medal for the African campaign Reply with quote

Period Photos of the Arch.

Credits: Wikipedia







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don_kihotis7
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PostPosted: Mon 28 Dec - 11:22 (2015)    Post subject: DAK Medal - The Italo-German medal for the African campaign Reply with quote

Here are some more photos that i have found through Google, showing the statues of the Phileni Brothers. The second photo shows the statues as they are today.
















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herrzark


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PostPosted: Mon 28 Dec - 17:47 (2015)    Post subject: DAK Medal - The Italo-German medal for the African campaign Reply with quote

As said before Chris.Greta medal.with great history behind it..Simply great

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don_kihotis7
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PostPosted: Mon 28 Dec - 21:00 (2015)    Post subject: DAK Medal - The Italo-German medal for the African campaign Reply with quote

Thanks Nicos. I am trying to create a data base here too, just in case it's going to be needed in the future. 

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S.Vestae
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PostPosted: Mon 28 Dec - 21:51 (2015)    Post subject: DAK Medal - The Italo-German medal for the African campaign Reply with quote

Great my Friend for your double work here !
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Welcome to the New DAK Forum
Sebastian.


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don_kihotis7
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PostPosted: Tue 29 Dec - 12:33 (2015)    Post subject: DAK Medal - The Italo-German medal for the African campaign Reply with quote

No prob Seba  Okay

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kranaud78


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PostPosted: Mon 13 Feb - 19:51 (2017)    Post subject: DAK Medal - The Italo-German medal for the African campaign Reply with quote

don_kihotis7 wrote:

Thanks Nicos. I am trying to create a data base here too meubles design pas cher, just in case it's going to be needed in the future. 
Merci surtout de nous avoir partagé toute cette expérience historique.


don_kihotis7 wrote:

Thanks Nicos. I am trying to create a data base here too, just in case it's going to be needed in the future. 


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don_kihotis7
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PostPosted: Mon 13 Feb - 20:12 (2017)    Post subject: DAK Medal - The Italo-German medal for the African campaign Reply with quote

kranaud78 wrote:
don_kihotis7 wrote:
Merci surtout de nous avoir partagé toute




Thank you for the kind words.
Welcome to the forum. And here is the link for the primary forum:


http://afrikakorps.forumcrea.com/index.php


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PostPosted: Today at 20:42 (2017)    Post subject: DAK Medal - The Italo-German medal for the African campaign

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